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Entities in the Restaurants industry prepare meals, snacks and beverages to customers’ orders for immediate on- and off-premises consumption. Broadly divided into three sub-categories, the restaurant industry includes limited-service eating places, casual full-service eating places and upscale full-service eating places. Limited-service restaurants provide services to customers who order and pay before eating. Fast-food restaurants represent the largest share of the limited-service restaurants segment. Full-service restaurants offer more service, food for consumption primarily on-premises, and typically reflect higher quality food and prices.

Relevant Issues (7 of 26)

Why are some issues greyed out? The SASB Standards vary by industry based on the different sustainability-related risks and opportunities within an industry. The issues in grey were not identified during the standard-setting process as the most likely to be useful to investors, so they are not included in the Standard. Over time, as the ISSB continues to receive market feedback, some issues may be added or removed from the Standard. Each company determines which sustainability-related risks and opportunities are relevant to its business. The Standard is designed for the typical company in an industry, but individual companies may choose to report on different sustainability-related risks and opportunities based on their unique business model.

Disclosure Topics

What is the relationship between General Issue Category and Disclosure Topics? The General Issue Category is an industry-agnostic version of the Disclosure Topics that appear in each SASB Standard. Disclosure topics represent the industry-specific impacts of General Issue Categories. The industry-specific Disclosure Topics ensure each SASB Standard is tailored to the industry, while the General Issue Categories enable comparability across industries. For example, Health & Nutrition is a disclosure topic in the Non-Alcoholic Beverages industry, representing an industry-specific measure of the general issue of Customer Welfare. The issue of Customer Welfare, however, manifests as the Counterfeit Drugs disclosure topic in the Biotechnology & Pharmaceuticals industry.
General Issue Category
(Industry agnostic)

Disclosure Topics (Industry specific) for: Restaurants

Energy Management
  • Energy Management

    Restaurant operations have high energy intensity compared with other commercial building operations. Commercial kitchen appliances are energy intensive, and dining areas typically are temperature-controlled for customers. Fossil fuel-based energy production and consumption contribute to significant environmental impacts, including climate change and air pollution, which have the potential indirectly, yet materially, to affect restaurant operations. Regulations on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions pricing or regulatory incentives for energy efficiency improvements and renewable energy affect conventional and renewable energy prices. Entities that manage energy consumption at entity-owned and franchise locations can decrease operational costs through energy efficiency upgrades and limit exposure to GHG emissions regulations by using renewable energy resources.
Water & Wastewater Management
  • Water Management

    Water is used in restaurant operations, from cooking and dishwashing to cleaning. The restaurant type, size and equipment all affect water use. Restaurants located in water-stressed regions may be exposed to water usage restrictions or face high water costs. Long-term historical increases in the costs of water, and expectations around continued increases because of overconsumption and constrained supplies resulting from population growth, pollution and climate change, indicate the increasing importance of effective water management. Entities can reduce water use and associated operational costs by implementing water-efficient practices and using water-efficient commercial kitchen equipment.
Waste & Hazardous Materials Management
  • Food & Packaging Waste Management

    Restaurants produce waste in two main forms: food and packaging. The food preparation process as well as food unconsumed generate food waste. Food waste results in resource loss such as water, energy, land, labour and capital, and produces GHG emissions because of decomposition. Moreover, food ingredient deliveries to restaurants are a significant source of packaging waste. Packaging waste includes packaging received from suppliers and packaging discarded by consumers. In addition, limited-service restaurants make heavy use of disposable tableware to serve customers. Applicable jurisdictional laws or regulations around packaging may continue evolving to reduce packaging or improve recyclability or biodegradability of packaging. Entities that can anticipate new regulations may witness not only a positive effect on brand reputation, but they also may reduce their compliance costs. Entities can reduce waste handling costs and improve operational efficiency by reducing waste through various methods, including food recovery, diverting waste from landfills and packaging reclamation programmes.
Product Quality & Safety
  • Food Safety

    Both food preparation methods and the quality of ingredients can impact food safety in the Restaurants industry. Restaurant food safety is especially challenging to manage with a broad supply chain. The global nature of the industry as well as the franchising model make ensuring the safety of food supplies difficult for restaurant entities. Failure to monitor the quality of supplied products may increase an entity’s risk of supply disruptions as well as negative publicity. Food safety issues, such as foodborne illness concerns, in either entity-owned or franchise-operated locations can affect a restaurant’s reputation. Reputational damage from food safety issues tends to have long-term consequences. Entities that adhere to industry standards for food preparation and safety may protect shareholder value better.
Customer Welfare
  • Nutritional Content

    Public health concerns around obesity have focused on the Restaurants industry. Restaurants are increasingly encouraged to improve the nutritional content of menu offerings and to increase transparency around the content of menu offerings, such as publishing calorie counts. Demand in the Restaurants industry is increasingly driven by consumer preferences for choices that are more healthful. Entities that can offer more nutritious menu options may capture new markets for health-conscious consumers and improve consumer market share. A higher share of nutritious options may have a beneficial effect on an entity’s reputation and revenue growth in the long term.
Labour Practices
  • Labour Practices

    The Restaurants industry is labour-intensive, and many of the staff are hourly, part-time or seasonal workers. The industry is among the top job creators and is an entry point for young and migrant workers to join the workforce. Restaurant employees in franchised or licensed locations may be employed by a third party. In addition, because many restaurant chains exist across continents, ensuring consistent labour standards can be a challenge for restaurant employees in both entity-owned and franchise locations. Labour issues at franchises affect brand image because customers cannot make a distinction between entity-owned and franchised restaurants. Restaurants that can effectively manage human capital by offering competitive wages, safe working environments and other opportunities for professional growth may improve employee morale while reducing turnover rates and the associated administrative costs involved in employee acquisition and training.
Supply Chain Management
  • Supply Chain Management & Food Sourcing

    Restaurants source ingredients and products from a wide range of suppliers. Supply chain management is crucial for restaurants to ensure food safety, to protect their reputations and increase revenue. Sourcing quality ingredients to maintain a consistent level of quality across different locations can be operationally challenging and exacerbated by the global nature of the industry. Demand from the food and beverage industry, including restaurants, drives and shapes agricultural production, indicating that actions by industry players have a larger impact on society. Therefore, sustainable and ethical sourcing by industry entities may be necessary to ensure future supply and to minimise lifecycle impacts of entity operations. Sourcing from suppliers that have high quality standards, employ environmentally sustainable farming methods, and honour labour rights may better create value over the long-term. By increasing the amount of food supply sourced in conformance with environmental and social standards, as well as conformance with animal welfare standards and best practices, restaurant operators may be able to maintain food quality, manage food safety issues, enhance their reputation and expand their market share.

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