Security & Commodity Exchanges

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Current language: English
Security and commodity exchanges operate marketplaces in the form of physical trading floors or electronic platforms for trading financial securities, commodities, or other financial instruments. Entities in the industry primarily generate revenue from fees on trades and for clearing transactions as well as listing fees. Competition for fees continues to increase with the advent of alternative trading platforms that offer less expensive trades and provide listing services. Recent trends in the regulatory environment suggest a greater focus on transparency, risk management, and market stability. As new policies and market transformations encourage more responsible management of social capital and strong governance, firms that can address all forms of capital—not just financial—will be better positioned to protect shareholder value in the future.

Relevant Issues (3 of 26)

Why are some issues greyed out? The SASB Standards vary by industry based on the different sustainability-related risks and opportunities within an industry. The issues in grey were not identified during the standard-setting process as the most likely to be useful to investors, so they are not included in the Standard. Over time, as the ISSB continues to receive market feedback, some issues may be added or removed from the Standard. Each company determines which sustainability-related risks and opportunities are relevant to its business. The Standard is designed for the typical company in an industry, but individual companies may choose to report on different sustainability-related risks and opportunities based on their unique business model.

Disclosure Topics

What is the relationship between General Issue Category and Disclosure Topics? The General Issue Category is an industry-agnostic version of the Disclosure Topics that appear in each SASB Standard. Disclosure topics represent the industry-specific impacts of General Issue Categories. The industry-specific Disclosure Topics ensure each SASB Standard is tailored to the industry, while the General Issue Categories enable comparability across industries. For example, Health & Nutrition is a disclosure topic in the Non-Alcoholic Beverages industry, representing an industry-specific measure of the general issue of Customer Welfare. The issue of Customer Welfare, however, manifests as the Counterfeit Drugs disclosure topic in the Biotechnology & Pharmaceuticals industry.
General Issue Category
(Industry agnostic)

Disclosure Topics (Industry specific) for: Security & Commodity Exchanges

Product Design & Lifecycle Management
  • Promoting Transparent & Efficient Capital Markets

    Security and commodity exchanges have a responsibility to ensure equal access to capital markets for all investors. As public markets, these entities help ensure efficient capital allocation and equal application of rules for all participants. Entities must also manage the release of public data to prevent information asymmetries. The advent of new technologies such as high-frequency trading may give some traders an advantage at the expense of others. Information asymmetries allowing for unfair arbitrage may result in litigation, regulatory penalties, additional regulatory oversight and increased compliance costs, as well as reputational damage that may reduce trading volumes and associated revenues. Disclosure of policies relating to information releases, trading halts and the risks and opportunities associated with algorithmic or high-frequency trading may permit investors to understand more clearly how security and commodity exchanges protect shareholder value.
Business Ethics
  • Managing Conflicts of Interest

    Security and commodity exchanges are responsible for the oversight of member entities. Specifically, entities in this industry monitor membership information and regulatory compliance to ensure market integrity and transparency. Controversies relating to market manipulation, tax fraud, investor protection rules and anti-competitive behaviour have raised concern about conflicts of interest that arise because of security and commodity exchanges’ position as self-regulatory organisations (SROs). Rapid innovation in financial markets provides significant opportunities to enhance profitability. However, exchanges must continue to fulfil their responsibilities as SROs to ensure open and fair access to all investors, to publish rules and fees, and to oversee trading. Entities that effectively discourage fraudulent or unethical activities may preserve market integrity, limit reputational damage and ensure long-term sustainable growth.
Systemic Risk Management
  • Managing Business Continuity & Technology Risks

    Security and commodity exchanges face increased risks and opportunities associated with information technology. The industry’s integral position in the proper functioning of financial markets requires that exchanges manage security breaches and technology errors to prevent market disruptions. Because security and commodity exchanges face increased volumes of trading associated with the clearing and execution of derivative trades and increased frequency of cyber-attacks, the industry may be exposed to new risks and opportunities associated with its reliance on information technology. Failure to ensure trading continuity may erode customer trust and result in reduced trading volumes and loss of revenue. Increased disclosure of efforts taken to prevent these risks may allow shareholders to assess the entity’s value more accurately than they could otherwise.

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Current Industry:
Security & Commodity Exchanges
Consumer Goods
Extractives & Minerals Processing
Food & Beverage
Health Care
Renewable Resources & Alternative Energy
Resource Transformation
Technology & Communications

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