Industrial Machinery & Goods

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Industrial machinery and goods industry entities manufacture equipment for a variety of industries including construction, agriculture, energy, utility, mining, manufacturing, automotive and transportation. Products include engines, earth-moving equipment, trucks, tractors, ships, industrial pumps, locomotives and turbines. Machinery manufacturers use large amounts of raw materials for production, including steel, plastics, rubber, paints and glass. Manufacturers also may machine and cast parts before final assembly. Demand in the industry is tied closely to industrial production, while government emissions standards and customer demand are encouraging innovations to improve energy efficiency and limit air emissions during product use.

Relevant Issues (4 of 26)

Why are some issues greyed out? The SASB Standards vary by industry based on the different sustainability-related risks and opportunities within an industry. The issues in grey were not identified during the standard-setting process as the most likely to be useful to investors, so they are not included in the Standard. Over time, as the ISSB continues to receive market feedback, some issues may be added or removed from the Standard. Each company determines which sustainability-related risks and opportunities are relevant to its business. The Standard is designed for the typical company in an industry, but individual companies may choose to report on different sustainability-related risks and opportunities based on their unique business model.

Disclosure Topics

What is the relationship between General Issue Category and Disclosure Topics? The General Issue Category is an industry-agnostic version of the Disclosure Topics that appear in each SASB Standard. Disclosure topics represent the industry-specific impacts of General Issue Categories. The industry-specific Disclosure Topics ensure each SASB Standard is tailored to the industry, while the General Issue Categories enable comparability across industries. For example, Health & Nutrition is a disclosure topic in the Non-Alcoholic Beverages industry, representing an industry-specific measure of the general issue of Customer Welfare. The issue of Customer Welfare, however, manifests as the Counterfeit Drugs disclosure topic in the Biotechnology & Pharmaceuticals industry.
General Issue Category
(Industry agnostic)

Disclosure Topics (Industry specific) for: Industrial Machinery & Goods

Energy Management
  • Energy Management

    Energy is a critical input in industrial machinery manufacturing. Purchased electricity is the largest share of energy expenditure in the industry, followed by purchased fuels. The type of energy used, amount consumed and energy management strategies depend on the type of products manufactured. Including the use of electricity generated on site, grid-sourced electricity and alternative energy, an entity’s energy mix can influence the cost and reliability of energy supply and, ultimately, affect the entity’s cost structure and regulatory risk.
Employee Health & Safety
  • Workforce Health & Safety

    Employees in industrial machinery manufacturing facilities face health and safety risks from exposure to heavy machinery, moving equipment and electrical hazards, among others. Creating an effective safety culture is critical to mitigate safety incidents proactively, which may result in reduced healthcare costs, litigation and work disruption. By implementing strong safety protocols, including incident reporting and investigation, and promoting a culture of safety, entities can minimise safety-related expenses and potentially improve productivity in the long term.
Product Design & Lifecycle Management
  • Fuel Economy & Emissions in Use-phase

    Many of the Industrial Machinery & Goods industry’s products are powered by fossil fuels and release greenhouse gases (GHGs) and other air emissions during use. Customer preferences for improved fuel economy combined with regulations restricting emissions are increasing the demand for energy-efficient and lower-emission products in the industry. As such, entities that develop products with these characteristics may capture expanding market share, reduce regulatory risk and improve brand value.
Materials Sourcing & Efficiency
  • Materials Sourcing

    Industrial machinery entities are exposed to supply chain risks when critical materials are used in products. Entities in the industry manufacture products using critical materials with few or no available substitutes, many of which are sourced in only a few countries, which may be subject to geopolitical uncertainty. Entities in this industry also face competition because of increasing global demand for these materials from other sectors, which may result in price increases and supply risks. Entities that limit the use of critical materials by using alternatives, as well as securing supply, may mitigate financial effects stemming from supply disruptions and volatile input prices.
  • Remanufacturing Design & Services

    Industrial machinery and goods manufacturing uses large quantities of steel, iron, aluminium, glass, plastics and other materials. Remanufacturing industrial machinery systems (called ‘cores’) presents an opportunity for industrial machinery entities to limit the quantity of raw materials needed to produce new machinery, as well as reduce the time and other resources required to produce finished goods. Remanufactured products also may create value from products otherwise destined for disposal or recycling. Industrial machinery entities may achieve cost savings by reusing end-of-life parts to build remanufactured machines, which may be resold to customers. Thus, remanufacturing in process and design may reduce demand for raw materials, decrease manufacturing costs and create new sales channels.

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