Auto Parts

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Entities in the Auto Parts industry supply motor vehicle parts and accessories to original equipment manufacturers (OEM). Auto parts entities typically specialise in manufacturing and assembling parts or accessories, such as engine exhaust systems, alternative drivetrains, hybrid systems, catalytic converters, aluminium wheels (rims), tyres, rear-view mirrors, and onboard electrical and electronic equipment. Although the larger automotive industry includes several tiers of suppliers that provide parts and raw materials used to assemble motor vehicles, the scope of these Auto Parts industry disclosures includes only Tier 1 suppliers that supply parts directly to OEMs. The scope of the industry excludes captive suppliers, such as engine and stamping facilities, owned and operated by OEMs. It also excludes Tier 2 suppliers, which provide inputs for the Auto Parts industry.

Relevant Issues (6 of 26)

Why are some issues greyed out? The SASB Standards vary by industry based on the different sustainability-related risks and opportunities within an industry. The issues in grey were not identified during the standard-setting process as the most likely to be useful to investors, so they are not included in the Standard. Over time, as the ISSB continues to receive market feedback, some issues may be added or removed from the Standard. Each company determines which sustainability-related risks and opportunities are relevant to its business. The Standard is designed for the typical company in an industry, but individual companies may choose to report on different sustainability-related risks and opportunities based on their unique business model.

Disclosure Topics

What is the relationship between General Issue Category and Disclosure Topics? The General Issue Category is an industry-agnostic version of the Disclosure Topics that appear in each SASB Standard. Disclosure topics represent the industry-specific impacts of General Issue Categories. The industry-specific Disclosure Topics ensure each SASB Standard is tailored to the industry, while the General Issue Categories enable comparability across industries. For example, Health & Nutrition is a disclosure topic in the Non-Alcoholic Beverages industry, representing an industry-specific measure of the general issue of Customer Welfare. The issue of Customer Welfare, however, manifests as the Counterfeit Drugs disclosure topic in the Biotechnology & Pharmaceuticals industry.
General Issue Category
(Industry agnostic)

Disclosure Topics (Industry specific) for: Auto Parts

Energy Management
  • Energy Management

    Most energy consumed in the automobile manufacturing process occurs in the supply chain. Auto parts manufacturers use electricity and fossil fuels in their production processes, resulting in direct and indirect emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Purchased electricity is a majority of the energy used in the Auto Parts industry. Sustainability initiatives such as incentives for energy efficiency and renewable energy are making alternative sources of energy more cost competitive. Regulators and consumers also are encouraging the industry to reduce GHG emissions. While managing the cost and risks associated with overall energy efficiency, reliance on various types of energy and access to alternative energy sources may become increasingly important.
Waste & Hazardous Materials Management
  • Waste Management

    Manufacturing auto parts involves using significant amounts of materials (including steel, iron, aluminium and plastics, among others). Waste generated by the industry includes machine lubricants and coolants, aqueous and solvent cleaning systems, paint, and scrap metals and plastics. Auto parts manufacturers spend a significant proportion of revenue on the cost of materials. Therefore, entities that manage manufacturing inputs properly by reducing and recycling waste may mitigate price volatility and supply disruption risks. Moreover, auto parts manufacturers may achieve cost savings and improve operational efficiency by increasing the proportion of waste recycled. Equally, auto parts manufacturers whose waste management practices create negative environmental impacts may face increased regulatory oversight. Violating environmental regulations may increase legal expenses as well as capital expenditures for pollution-control facilities and occupational health and safety projects.
Product Quality & Safety
  • Product Safety

    Driving is a risky activity, since distracted driving, speeding, drunk driving, dangerous weather conditions and other factors may result in accidents that expose drivers, passengers and bystanders to injuries and deaths. Accidents can also be caused by defective vehicle parts, and an entity’s failure to detect defects before vehicles are sold may have significant financial repercussions for both automobile and auto parts manufacturers. Entities improving vehicle safety and responding quickly when defects are identified may mitigate potentially costly regulatory action or customer lawsuits. These efforts may preserve relationships with original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), who often select Tier 1 suppliers based on their safety performance and reliability. As cars integrate more sophisticated electronics and technologies, risks related to recalls may increase. Through effective management of product safety, entities may enhance their brand value and improve sales over the long term.
Product Design & Lifecycle Management
  • Design for Fuel Efficiency

    Automobile manufacturers increasingly are demanding motor parts and components that reduce vehicle fuel consumption. Fuel-efficient components and parts are critical in reducing automobile tailpipe emissions through energy efficiency gains and weight reductions, among other factors. Auto parts entities that design and manufacture such parts may increase sales to auto manufacturers that increasingly are facing stricter environmental regulations and customer preferences for more environmentally friendly cars.
Materials Sourcing & Efficiency
  • Materials Sourcing

    Entities in the Auto Parts industry commonly rely on rare earth metals and other critical materials as important inputs for finished products. Many of these inputs have few substitutes and often are sourced from a few countries, many of which may be subject to geopolitical uncertainty. Other sustainability-related impacts such as climate change, land use, resource scarcity and conflict in regions where the industry’s supply chain operates are also increasingly shaping the industry’s ability to source materials. Additionally, increased competition for these materials because of growing global demand from other sectors may result in price increases and supply risks. These materials play a crucial role in clean energy technologies, such as electric and hybrid vehicles. As regulators strive to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and consumers demand more fuel-efficient vehicles, the share of hybrids and zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) produced by the Automobiles industry may continue to increase in the future. Entities that limit the use of critical materials, secure sourcing and develop alternatives may mitigate supply disruptions and volatile input prices, which could adversely affect their margins, risk profile and cost of capital.
  • Materials Efficiency

    Millions of vehicles worldwide reach the end of their useful lives every year. At the same time, the rate of vehicle ownership is expanding globally, resulting in more end-of-life vehicles. To reduce vehicle lifecycle impact, auto parts manufacturers may design parts to be more easily recyclable and reusable, and apply modularity principles to product design. They also may sponsor take-back programmes to ensure safe product disposal and reuse. Given input price volatility and resource constraints, entities that manage materials efficiency may improve their long-term operational efficiency and risk profile. In addition, entities may reduce manufacturing costs by using fewer materials or by recycling materials, which may improve their margins.
Competitive Behaviour
  • Competitive Behaviour

    Competitive business practices are an important governance issue for entities in the Auto Parts industry. Although industry concentration is low, a wide range of auto parts are available, and competition for business within each category of parts may be limited. Therefore, leading producers of any specific auto part may wield substantial market power in specific market segments, creating antitrust concerns. Collusion and price fixing by auto parts manufacturers may ultimately affect consumers through higher vehicle prices. If such activities are discovered, jurisdictions may impose legal or regulatory penalties, and the resulting reputational damage may adversely affect an entity’s valuation.

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