Road Transportation

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Current language: English
Road Transportation industry entities provide long- and short-haul freight trucking services. Important activities include containerised and bulk freight shipment, including consumer goods and a wide variety of commodities. Generally, the industry may be categorised two ways: truckload (vehicles carrying the goods of only one customer) and less-than-truckload (vehicles carrying the goods of multiple customers). Owner-operators comprise the vast majority of the industry because of the relative ease of entry. A few large operators maintain market share through contracts with major shippers. Large entities often subcontract with owner-operators to supplement their owned fleet.

Relevant Issues (4 of 26)

Why are some issues greyed out? The SASB Standards vary by industry based on the different sustainability-related risks and opportunities within an industry. The issues in grey were not identified during the standard-setting process as the most likely to be useful to investors, so they are not included in the Standard. Over time, as the ISSB continues to receive market feedback, some issues may be added or removed from the Standard. Each company determines which sustainability-related risks and opportunities are relevant to its business. The Standard is designed for the typical company in an industry, but individual companies may choose to report on different sustainability-related risks and opportunities based on their unique business model.

Disclosure Topics

What is the relationship between General Issue Category and Disclosure Topics? The General Issue Category is an industry-agnostic version of the Disclosure Topics that appear in each SASB Standard. Disclosure topics represent the industry-specific impacts of General Issue Categories. The industry-specific Disclosure Topics ensure each SASB Standard is tailored to the industry, while the General Issue Categories enable comparability across industries. For example, Health & Nutrition is a disclosure topic in the Non-Alcoholic Beverages industry, representing an industry-specific measure of the general issue of Customer Welfare. The issue of Customer Welfare, however, manifests as the Counterfeit Drugs disclosure topic in the Biotechnology & Pharmaceuticals industry.
General Issue Category
(Industry agnostic)

Disclosure Topics (Industry specific) for: Road Transportation

GHG Emissions
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    The Road Transportation industry generates emissions mainly through the combustion of diesel and other fossil fuels in truck engines. Greenhouse gases (GHGs) including carbon dioxide (CO2) are of particular importance to government regulators concerned about climate change and to consumers demanding low-carbon or carbon-neutral transportation solutions. Because GHG emissions from trucks constitute a significant portion of transportation-related emissions, the industry is a focal point for regulations to limit GHG emissions. Operational changes that increase fuel efficiency may reduce fuel costs while also limiting exposure to volatile fuel pricing, regulatory costs and other consequences of GHG emissions. Although newer trucks are more fuel-efficient, other measures also may improve efficiency and reduce emissions in existing fleets.
Air Quality
  • Air Quality

    Compared to other modes of transport, road freight has a more localised negative effect on air quality from emissions of sulphur oxides (SOx), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM). Heavy reliance on diesel fuel is of particular concern. Although diesel engines realise better gas mileage than gasoline engines, they generate more harmful air pollutants. Using alternative fuels and filtering emissions prior to release may help entities comply with air quality regulations and avoid contributing to smog in cities and dense population centres, which may damage their social licence to operate.
Employee Health & Safety
  • Workforce Conditions, Health & Safety

    The Road Transportation industry faces challenges with driver recruitment and retention. The industry has challenging working conditions and regulations that limit working hours. Possible labour shortages may raise labour costs and reduce industry revenue. Time-critical deliveries are demanding for drivers, who may experience long and often odd hours behind the wheel, lengthy stays away from home, lack of sleep and feelings of isolation. These factors, in combination with high injury and illness rates, largely because of accidents, make recruiting new drivers and retaining existing staff difficult. Entities that offer better driver working conditions may benefit from lower employee turnover rates, higher productivity and the ability to hire staff to expand operations and increase revenue.
Critical Incident Risk Management
  • Accident & Safety Management

    Road transportation involves inherent dangers, including accidents resulting from mechanical failure or human error. Entities in this industry train drivers and maintenance staff to minimise accidents. Injury and fatality rates, associated costs, and investment in safety technologies show the significance of the issue for the industry. Entities with more effective safety management may improve operational efficiency, retain drivers, reduce delays and avoid costs associated with serious accidents. In contrast, those with poor safety management may experience regulatory penalties, higher insurance premiums and service disruptions that reduce revenues and impair brand value.

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Road Transportation
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